Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among men in the United States. Approximately 300,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in this calendar year.
The incidence of prostate cancer increases with age. Older men are much more likely to have prostate cancer, with an average age at diagnosis at 65. African American men and men with a family history of prostate cancer are also at increased risk of getting prostate cancer.
Although prostate cancer usually grows very slowly some cancers grow quickly. Differentiating between the types, stage and grade of cancer is a critical step in determining what is the most appropriate treatment path for each man.
Finding and treating prostate cancer for men with faster growing cancer is critical to improve men's health or help them live longer.
Monitoring or "surveillance" is often employed for small, slow growing cancers
Navigating diagnosis of prostate cancer and determining the next best steps can be difficult.
I hope this webpage helps you get the information you need.
By Nephron - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10552036
The grade of a prostate cancer defines how quickly the cells are growing.
Grading historically was done using a GLEASON GRADING system.
Now we are transition the the WHO GRADE GROUPING SYSTEM, an easier to understand system classifying cancers into a grading system 1 through 5 with 1 being slower growing cells and 5 being faster cells.
The STAGE of a prostate cancer is how far the cancer has progressed. Its it still in the prostate or has it progressed to other areas in the body? Stage 1 is contained within the prostate. Stage 2 is confined within the prostate but is able to be felt (palpable) on rectal exam. Stage 3 is local extension of the cancer through the edge of the prostate. Stage 4 is spread of the cancer to other areas of the body such as lymph nodes and other soft tissue or bone.
Below are various downloadable PDFs for more information.
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